# An Algorithm-wise Summary of Loss Functions in Machine Learning

### Loss functions of 16 ML algorithms in a single frame.

Loss functions are a vital component of ML algorithms.

They specify the objective an algorithm should aim to optimize during its training.

In other words, loss functions explicitly tell the algorithm what it should minimize to improve its performance.

Therefore, knowing which loss functions are (typically) best suited for specific ML algorithms is extremely crucial.

The below visual depicts the **most commonly** used loss functions by various ML algorithms.

**Linear Regression:**Mean Squared Error (MSE). This can be used with and without regularization, depending on the situation.**Logistic regression:**Cross-entropy loss or Log Loss, with and without regularization. Why log loss? We covered its origin here:**Why Do We Use log-loss to Train Logistic Regression?****Decision Tree and Random Forest:**Classifier: Gini impurity or information gain.

Regressor: Mean Squared Error (MSE)

**Support Vector Machines (SVMs):**Hinge loss. It penalizes both wrong and right (but less confident) predictions. Best suited for creating max-margin classifiers, like in SVMs.**k-Nearest Neighbors (kNN):**No loss function. kNN is a non-parametric lazy learning algorithm. It works by retrieving instances from the training data, and making predictions based on the k nearest neighbors to the test data instance.**Naive Bayes:**No loss function. Can you guess why?**Neural Networks:**They can use a variety of loss functions depending on the type of problem. The most common ones are:Regression: Mean Squared Error (MSE).

Classification: Cross-Entropy Loss.

**AdaBoost:**Exponential loss function. AdaBoost is an ensemble learning algorithm. It combines multiple weak classifiers to form a strong classifier. In each iteration of the algorithm, AdaBoost assigns weights to the misclassified instances from the previous iteration. Next, it trains a new weak classifier and minimizes the weighted exponential loss.**Other Boosting Algorithms:**Regression: Mean Squared Error (MSE).

Classification: Cross-Entropy Loss.

👉 Over to you: Can you tell which loss function is used in KMeans?

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Thanks you Avi sir, it will be really helpful for my ongoing campus placement. Can you suggest me how should I prepare all these algorithm if I am preparing for Data scientist and ML engineer roles. I am 2024 undergrad from IIT.